The County Commission of Camden County, Georgia has initiated the process to obtain a “License to Operate a Launch Site” from the FAA for a commercial spaceport. Cumberland Island National Seashore is approximately 4 miles downrange from the proposed spaceport. Spaceport Camden would then be leased and operated by a private space company. Camden County has entered into an Option Agreement with Union Carbide Corporation that grants Camden County the option to purchase an almost 4,000-acre property for $4,800,000. Camden County has spent over $4,300,000 of taxpayer dollars pursuing the project. The Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the project indicates that launches from the proposed spaceport will be on trajectories ranging from 83 degrees to the north and 115 degrees to the south. The image below indicates the most southerly trajectory contemplated by the Draft Environmental Impact Statement and the resulting hazard and closure areas. The FAA requires that the launch hazard area be completely evacuated of all but participating personnel to avoid loss of life in the event a launch failure.
All rockets launched from the spaceport will travel directly over the Cumberland Island National Seashore. This crucial fact has been obscured by Camden County as it has attempted to build support for the project. Camden County indicates on its website for the project that launches are possible “over the Atlantic Ocean and a large, undeveloped buffer zone.” The “large, undeveloped buffer zone” includes the Cumberland Island National Seashore, a national park that is visited by over 60,000 visitors per year. In addition to park visitors, there are significant in-holdings of private property and homes on Cumberland Island and Little Cumberland Island. This would be the only spaceport in the United States where rockets are launched over a national park with active visitation or private homes.
Other launch facilities are located at the water’s edge, so exploding rockets can fall into the water, not onto a national seashore or private property.